Mechanical engineering is one of the oldest and broadest engineering disciplines, and plays a significant role in enhancing safety, economic vitality, enjoyment and overall quality of life throughout the world. This is a branch of engineering that applies principles of engineering, basic science, and mathematics for modeling, analysis, design, and realization of physical systems, components or processes. Mechanical engineering contributed to the improvement of living and working conditions of people in different areas. History shows that many achievements ensure steady growth of quality of life. In the previous century, were developed engineering achievements that have contributed to the increase in life expectancy, improved health conditions, increased mobility thanks to the development of the automobile and the airplane, increased productivity of labor as many of the products made available to many people. However, in the future mechanical engineering must be directed towards a very complex objectives: to ensure sustainable development of the world and secure, cleaner and healthier life for a much larger population. Mechanical Engineering is concerned with the design, development, research, evaluation, manufacture, installation, testing, operation, maintenance and management of machines, mechanical and mechatronic systems, automated systems and robotic devices, heat transfer processes, thermodynamic and combustion systems, fluid and thermal energy systems, materials and materials handling systems, manufacturing equipment and process plant. Mechanical engineering is directly or indirectly involved in the creation of many products for the human needs in almost all areas of life and work. The achievements of all engineering disciplines can be found results of mechanical engineering. Throughout human history, engineering is a driver of progress of civilization and improving the quality of life.
- Engage in international collaboration around our critical knowledge and competencies;
- Work in the emerging Bio-Nano technologies to provide solutions in such diverse fields as healthcare, energy, water management, the environment and agriculture management;
- Advocacy to influence political decision making on issues related to science, engineering and technology;
- Multi-disciplined and systems engineering approaches to multi-scale systems;
- Partnership among academic, industry and government to expand research and development and develop the next generation of engineers, and Lifelong learning for globally competent engineers and engineering leaders.
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (WORLDWIDE)
Mechanical engineering emerged as a field during the Industrial Revolution in Europe in the 18th century; however, its development can be traced back several thousand years around the world. In the 19th century, developments in physics led to the development of mechanical engineering science. The field has continually evolved to incorporate advancements; today mechanical engineers are pursuing developments in such areas as composites, mechatronics, and nanotechnology. It also overlaps with aerospace engineering, metallurgical engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering, manufacturing engineering, chemical engineering, industrial engineering, and other engineering disciplines to varying amounts. Mechanical engineering interconnects with other fields such as, biomedical engineering, specifically with biomechanics, transport phenomena, bio-mechatronics, bio-nanotechnology, and modeling of biological systems. This branch of engineering involves design, production, and operation of machinery and thus requires an understanding of core areas including mechanics, dynamics, thermodynamics, materials science, structural analysis, and electricity. In addition to these core principles, mechanical engineers use tools such as computer-aided design (CAD), computer-aided manufacturing (CAM), and product life cycle management to design and analyze manufacturing plants, industrial equipment and machinery, heating and cooling systems, transport systems, aircraft, watercraft, robotics, medical devices, weapons, and others.
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (INDIA)
Mechanical engineering is known as the evergreen branch among all the other branches of engineering. Traditionally, mechanical engineers must deal with concepts such as mechanics, thermodynamics, robotics, kinematics, structural analysis, fluid mechanics with their applications in Automotive Sector, Power Sector, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Sector, Aerospace. Mechanical engineering needs to expand beyond its traditional boundaries by focusing their attention towards new areas such as nanotechnology, development of composite materials, biomedical applications, and environmental conservation. With this shift in paradigm the new job avenues will be opened for the future mechanical engineers. Further with the call of Make in India given by Honorable PM of India the manufacturing sector shall be empowered, and big players are going to setup their manufacturing plants in India. So there lies a huge scope of inventing and innovating futuristic devices capable of improving the life standards of people in India and across.
Why Mechanical Engineering?
Mechanical engineering is the art of using problem-solving techniques and applying them to the design and manufacturing of an object. Without mechanical engineering, we would not have things like engines, generators, elevators or even air conditioning. While we might not even realize it, we most likely use something that has been mechanically engineered every day.
Mechanical engineering plays a critical role in manufactured technologies, from cars to airplanes to refrigerators. It enables you to do many daily activities with ease, as it brings helpful technologies to our modern society. It is one of the most important subdivisions of engineering, because without it, many of the technologies we use every day would not be available.
- an ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering
- an ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data
- an ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired needs within realistic constraints such as economic, environmental, social, political, ethical, health and safety, manufacturability, and sustainability
- an ability to function on multidisciplinary teams
- an ability to identify, formulate, and solve engineering problems
- an understanding of professional and ethical responsibility
- an ability to communicate effectively
- the broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global, economic, environmental, and societal context
- a recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in life-long learning
- a knowledge of contemporary issue